Academic Honesty requires that a student conducting research must give credit to the person(s) who wrote the article or book being used. You must provide documentation of the source if you present the thoughts, ideas, or conclusions of an author, even if you are not using the author’s exact words. The penalties for PLAGIARISM may include failing the course, failing the paper, or expulsion from the college. If you are confused or if you are not sure about documenting sources, including summary(ies) or paraphrase(s), please consult your instructor or visit the Writing Center (A213). [r1]
Citation formats may vary. The formats used at Marian University are the MLA Handbook and the APA Publication Manual. Ask your professor for the preferred choice. Writing Center Staff will assist students with writing in all disciplines. With sufficient lead time the Writing Center can provide feedback on your draft and help you with documentation and word processing.
- Purdue University’s online writers lab offers a variety of handouts on the general writing process, grammar and documentation styles (APA, MLA), as well as writing résumés and cover letters.
- The University of Wisconsin–Madison’s online writing guide provides information on academic/research writing, peer reviews, documentation styles (APA, MLA, Chicago) and grammar as well as letter and application essays.
The following definition of Plagiarism is taken from the Marian University Academic Bulletin:
- Plagiarism is presenting another person’s work as one’s own. Plagiarism also includes paraphrasing or summarizing the works of another person without acknowledgement, or taking any work, in whole or in part, including the Internet or other computer-based resource, without properly referencing the source.
- Third-degree plagiarism is the occasional use of words or ideas from outside sources without documenting those sources. This includes failure to cite properly an Internet source. Consequences are at discretion of the instructor and may include an “F” on the paper or referral to the Writing Lab.
- Second-degree plagiarism is extensive copying of words or ideas from outside sources without documentation. This includes submitting as one’s own part of a paper obtained from an Internet source. Possible penalties range from receiving an “F” on the assignment to receiving a grade of “F” for the course.
- First-degree plagiarism is purchasing work done by another, having another person do the work, or submitting as one’s own a paper obtained from an Internet source. Possible penalties: The student may receive an “F” for the course, the student may be suspended from the college for one semester, or the student may be asked to leave Marian University permanently.
The following definition of Copyright and Fair Use is taken from the U.S. Copyright Office Web page. For further information on copyright, please follow the links listed below:
- Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) to the authors of “original works of authorship,” including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. Section 106 of the 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to do the following:
- To reproduce the work in copies or phonorecords.
- To prepare derivative works based upon the work.
- To distribute copies or phonorecords of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending.
- To perform the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and motion pictures and other audiovisual works.
- To display the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, including the individual images of a motion picture or other audiovisual work.
- In the case of sound recordings, to perform the work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.
- Fair Use: The fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:
- The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes.
- The nature of the copyrighted work.
- The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole.
- The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
- Related Web sites:
- U.S. Copyright Office
- The Web site of the U.S. Copyright Office includes basic copyright information including how to register a work.
- Copyright Law of the United States
- This site includes the text of Title 17 of the U.S. Code, published in 1976, as well as amendments to Title 17.
- Copyright Clearance Center
- The Copyright Clearance Center provides a cost-effective and efficient way to get permission to share copyrighted information for academic use.
[r1]Taken from Marian University Reference Manual
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